Differences in Acne

Acne comes in many different forms; the following are three of the most common:

Acne Vulgaris

The most prevalent of all that falls into this category is acne vulgaris. There are several forms of this skin disorder, including blackheads, whiteheads, and different types of cysts – some more intrusive than others. These forms of acne appear when the pores become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. When whiteheads appear, the clog has happen just beneath the skin’s surface, where no air can get to them. When acne appears as a blackhead, the clog has happened near the surface of the skin where air can get to it. It is when the oil and dead skin oxidize as a result of coming into contact with the air that the color changes to dark. Typically blackheads and whiteheads can be treated with an over-the-counter medicine.

There are more severe cases of acne vulgaris that occur when bacteria becomes mixed with the oil and dead skin cells. This type of occurrence is typically referred to as a papule or pustule, depending on whether there is puss at the site.  In cases of pustules, where puss is evident, there is typically a whitehead with a red, irritated surface. In the instance of a papule, there will be a red, sometimes painful to the touch, bump on the surface of the skin with no apparent puss. These two types of acne vulgaris can also be treated with over-the-counter medicine, with the option of a prescription strength alternative depending on the level of severity.

In more severe cases of acne vulgaris, cysts and nodules can develop. Typical characteristics of cysts are red bumps resembling a boil; they are often deeply rooted, painful, and larger than a typical whitehead. In the case of a nodule, they are hard, large, red bumps that are also deeply rooted within the skin. In these cases, a dermatologist should be consulted as to treatment methods.

Acne Cosmetica

This type of acne is typically a result of skin or hair care products that cause reactions with the skin. This condition usually occurs over a period of time, and while using the products small bumps will appear. These bumps can be itchy and resemble a rash in some cases.  You can easily take are of this condition in most cases by ceasing to use the products that might be causing this condition.

Acne Mechanica

This condition, usually found in athletes, is one where friction and placed on an area of skin and it becomes irritated. When the skin is devoid of access to air, this condition can also develop. There are many sports-related products that can be used to help with these types of conditions including special clothing or product that can be used while performing the sport. Also, maintaining good hygiene after these activities can help alleviate these symptoms.